Pesachim 29 - Eating chametz of the Temple
On the previous page we had a rule about chametz after Passover - that if it had belonged to a Jew on Passover, then it was now prohibited - but we could not find a source for it. Now the Talmud says that it could have many sources. It could be the opinion of Rabbi Yehudah, who, although strict, interprets the law of "not seeing chametz in your dwelling" as telling us that your chametz cannot be seen, but non-Jewish chametz and chametz of the Temple can be seen. It could also be the opinion of Rabbi Shimon: even though the chametz after Passover is not prohibited, but it could be that the Sages added a penalty and prohibited it nevertheless.
Now that we know that the Temple’s chametz is not "yours" and is less stringent, what if one does eat it after all? Does he have to bring a special sacrifice for using Temple’s property? Some say that yes: since after Passover it is not prohibited and can be redeemed, then now he used up the future value and has to pay. Others, however, say that one does not bring this sacrifice: since by eating chametz he anyway forfeits his soul, he is spared the monetary punishment.
Art: A peasant couple eating in an interior by (after) Egbert Van Heemskerck