Bava Metzia 81 - What Type of Guardian Are You? (Finds)

All craftsmen are considered paid guardians. Therefore, they are liable for loss or damage due to their negligence, or even not due to their negligence, provided that the loss was not unavoidable, such as theft.

Once the craftsman says to the one who hired him, "Take your property and bring the money that is due to me," he is considered an unpaid guardian, liable only for loss or damage due to negligence.

One who lends money to another against security is considered a paid guardian regarding the security. The lender is permitted to rent the poor man's security to others to reduce the debt because he is as one returning lost property to its owner.

Art: Interior with Two Men by the Fireside by Quiringh Gerritsz. van Brekelenkam

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