Bava Kamma 14 - Who Can Judge? (Torts)

If the damage done by the tooth or foot of an animal happened in a jointly owned yard, then if the yard was set for joint use for the eaten produce but not for oxen, the damager is liable.

Any three knowledgeable persons who have mastered related areas of law can form a court to judge ordinary damages cases. However, unusual cases involving penalties, such as half-damages awarded in the first three instances of goring by an ox, can only be judged by people possessing an uninterrupted chain of ordination since the time of Moses. Therefore, such cases can not be adjudicated today.

Art: Allegory Of Virtue Above The Portraits Of Three Lawyers And A Notary by Domenico Tintoretto (Robusti)

Don't understand a point? Ask MosesAI about it.