Bava Batra 42 - Rules of Chazakah


If three people owned a field in succession, each one for a year, they combine to establish a chazakah against the original owner - provided that their purchases were recorded in deeds. The original owner can't claim that the quick succession of owners was a proof of their illegitimate occupancy, without him needing to protest. Rather, the public knowledge of their sales should have caused his protest.

Some people have legitimate access to other people's property, so they can never establish chazakah, even if they have the movables in their possession, or if they occupy the real property. Thus, craftsmen, sharecroppers, and property administrators cannot establish a chazakah. So too a husband cannot establish a chazakah in his wife's property, nor can a wife establish a chazakah in her husband property, nor a father in his son's property, nor a son in his father's property.